Geoinformatics comprises the scientific field and array of technologies associated with spatial information, its classification, storage, and processing, including the infrastructure necessary for optimal use of the information. It combines geospatial analysis and modeling and the development of geospatial databases, using geocomputation and geovisualization methods.
Geoinformatics is a development of Geographical Information System (GIS) technology. Although mapping and spatial analysis are well established fields, GIS technology can perform such analyses more rapidly and with greater sophistication than traditional methods.
These abilities make the Geoinformatics Technology Facility a pivotal component in many fields from ecology, botany, hydrology, geology, and atmospheric sciences, to urban planning, environmental modeling and archeological reconstruction.