Measuring pupil size and light response through closed eyelids

Monitoring pupillary size and light-reactivity is a key component of the neurologic assessment in comatose patients after stroke or brain trauma. Currently, pupillary evaluation is performed manually at a frequency often too low to ensure timely alert for irreversible brain damage. We present a novel method for monitoring pupillary size and reactivity through closed eyelids. Our method is based on side illuminating in near-IR through the temple and imaging through the closed eyelid. Successfully tested in a clinical trial, this technology can be implemented as an automated device for continuous pupillary monitoring, which may save staff resources and provide earlier alert to potential brain damage in comatose patients.
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